BIO 228 - Comparative Anatomy and Physiology
(4 cr.) A systemic approach to vertebrate anatomy and physiology examining how structures and organ systems have evolved through the different vertebrate groups from fish to mammals. Circulatory, respiratory, digestive and urogenital systems are covered in this second semester of the full-year course. The laboratory involves the application of material from the accompanying lecture. This highly integrated approach reviews anatomy using two representative vertebrates, the shark and cat, to compare structures and organ systems. Physiological principles are applied through inquiry-based activities and experimental design. Must be taken in sequence with BIO 227/BIO 227L.(3 lecture hrs.; 3 lab hrs.) Prerequisite: BIO 227, BIO 227L; BIO 228L; As Needed

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