March 23, 2015 - Clinton Loses Inches On Her Huge 2016 Lead In New York, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Native Sons Pataki And Cuomo Way Behind Quinnipiac University Polling Logo
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Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton gets 51 percent in a possible 2016 Democratic presidential primary in New York State and tops Republican contenders by margins of 20 percentage points or more, with an inconsequential drop from matchups in December, according to a Quinnipiac University poll released today.

Trailing Secretary Clinton in the Democratic pack is U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts with 11 percent, Vice President Joseph Biden with 8 percent and Gov. Andrew Cuomo with 7 percent, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe-ack) University Poll finds. No other candidate tops 5 percent and 12 percent are undecided.

The Republican presidential primary in New York is a horse race, with former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush and Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker at 13 percent each, New Jersey Gov. Christopher Christie at 12 percent, U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida at 10 percent and U.S. Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky at 8 percent.

Former Gov. George Pataki and physician Ben Carson are at 6 percent each, with no other candidate above 3 percent and 18 percent undecided.

"New Yorkers love their Adopted Daughter from Chappaqua. Hillary Clinton simply wipes out the presidential opposition. Not only does she dominate the Democrats, she trounces every Republican wannabe, over the magic 50 percent mark in every contest," said Maurice Carroll, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Poll.

"The local guys hardly show. In their respective parties, Gov. Andrew Cuomo and former Gov. George Pataki - remember him? - are in single digits."

"New York Republican voters are all over the lot with four - count 'em, four - candidates in double digits and no one in command," Carroll added.

"Against Clinton, any Republican gets about a generic 30 percent. In the favorable- unfavorable measure, all of them come up 'un.' Except Pataki, who gets a split decision."

The matchup of neighbors Clinton and Christie is the closest general election race, and the Democrat wins 54 - 34 percent, compared to 57 - 31 percent in a December 23 Quinnipiac University poll. Clinton tops other Republicans by larger margins:
  • 59 - 31 percent over Paul, compared to 61 - 26 percent in December;
  • 58 - 29 percent over former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee;
  • 58 - 30 percent over Bush, compared to 60 - 29 percent in December;
  • 58 - 31 percent over Rubio;
  • 60 - 27 percent over U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas;
  • 58 - 31 percent over Walker;
  • 55 - 34 percent over Pataki.
By a 59 - 36 percent margin, New York State voters have a favorable opinion of Clinton, compared to 64 - 30 percent in December. No Republican gets a positive favorability:
  • 35 - 48 percent for Christie;
  • 25 - 40 percent for Paul;
  • 24 - 39 percent for Huckabee;
  • 28 - 47 percent for Bush;
  • 25 - 33 percent for Rubio;
  • 21 - 26 percent for Walker, with 53 percent who don't know enough about him to form an opinion;
  • 18 - 38 percent for Cruz;
  • 38 - 38 percent for Pataki. President Obama, Sen. Schumer, Sen. Gillibrand Job Approvals
New York State voters approve 51 - 45 percent of the job President Barack Obama is doing. U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer gets a 60 - 26 percent approval, with 54 - 18 percent for U.S. Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand.

From March 11 - 16, Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,228 New York State voters with a margin of error of +/- 2.8 percentage points. The survey includes 327 Republicans with a margin of error of +/- 5.4 percentage points and 521 Democrats with a margin of error of +/- 4.3 percentage points. Live interviewers call land lines and cell phones.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts public opinion surveys in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Iowa, Ohio, Virginia, Colorado and the nation as a public service and for research.

For more information, visit http://www.quinnipiac.edu/polling, call (203) 582-5201, or follow us on Twitter @QuinnipiacPoll.

1. (If Registered Republican) If the Republican primary for President were being held today, and the candidates were Jeb Bush, Ben Carson, Chris Christie, Ted Cruz, Lindsey Graham, Mike Huckabee, Bobby Jindal, John Kasich, George Pataki, Rand Paul, Rick Perry, Marco Rubio, Rick Santorum, and Scott Walker, for whom would you vote?
                     REGISTERED REPUBLICANS................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
                            CONSERVATIVE  Mod/
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Lib    Men    Wom
 
Bush                 13%     7%    15%    18%    14%    13%
Carson                6      9      8      3      5      6
Christie             12      7      4     19     12     11
Cruz                  3      5      2      2      5      1
Graham                -      1      -      -      -      1
Huckabee              3      2      2      6      2      5
Jindal                1      1      -      2      2      1
Kasich                1      -      1      1      2      -
Pataki                6      4      4      9      5      8
Paul                  8     20      3      5      9      8
Perry                 1      1      2      1      1      1
Rubio                10      8     13      5     10      9
Santorum              1      1      2      1      1      1
Walker               13     21     17      6     13     13
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       1      -      -      2      -      1
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      3      -      1      5      3      3
DK/NA                18     13     24     15     17     19
 
 
2. (If Registered Democrat) If the Democratic primary for President were being held today, and the candidates were Joe Biden, Hillary Clinton, Andrew Cuomo, Martin O'Malley, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, and Jim Webb, for whom would you vote?
                     REGISTERED DEMOCRATS..................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom
 
Biden                 8%     6%     6%    10%    15%     4%
Clinton              51     45     59     50     40     58
Cuomo                 7      2     11      8      5      9
O'Malley              1      1      -      1      1      1
Sanders               5     12      4      1      7      4
Warren               11     21     13      7     16      8
Webb                  1      -      -      2      2      -
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      1      1      -
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      3      -      1      5      1      4
DK/NA                12     12      7     15     12     12
 
 
3. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Chris Christie the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              54%    11%    87%    44%    49%    59%    62%    53%    53%
Christie             34     76      9     38     38     30     30     36     34
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       3      5      -      5      4      2      2      3      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5      5      1      8      5      5      4      3      7
DK/NA                 4      4      3      5      4      4      2      5      4
 
TREND: If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Chris Christie the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21  Feb 13  Mar 19
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2013
 
Clinton              54      57      54      58      59
Christie             34      31      34      31      32
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       3       2       2       2       1
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5       3       3       3       2
DK/NA                 4       6       7       5       6
 
 
4. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Rand Paul the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              59%    15%    93%    51%    53%    63%    69%    62%    54%
Paul                 31     77      2     33     37     25     25     28     33
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       2      2      -      3      2      2      -      2      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5      4      2      7      5      4      4      3      6
DK/NA                 4      2      3      6      3      5      2      5      4
 
TREND: If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Rand Paul the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21
                     2015    2014    2014
 
Clinton              59      61      61
Paul                 31      26      30
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       2       2       1
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5       3       3
DK/NA                 4       8       4
 
 
5. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Mike Huckabee the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              58%    13%    92%    50%    53%    63%    67%    60%    55%
Huckabee             29     78      2     31     33     26     21     28     33
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       2      3      -      5      3      2      1      3      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5      3      2      9      7      4      7      4      5
DK/NA                 5      4      4      6      4      6      5      5      4
 
 
6. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Jeb Bush the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              58%     8%    91%    52%    52%    63%    74%    57%    53%
Bush                 30     82      3     30     34     26     17     30     35
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       3      3      -      6      4      2      2      4      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5      5      2      8      6      4      4      4      7
DK/NA                 4      2      4      5      4      5      3      6      4
 
TREND: If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Jeb Bush the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21
                     2015    2014    2014
 
Clinton              58      60      60
Bush                 30      29      29
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       3       2       3
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5       3       4
DK/NA                 4       6       5
 
 
7. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Marco Rubio the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              58%     9%    93%    50%    53%    62%    69%    59%    54%
Rubio                31     84      1     33     36     27     21     31     34
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       2      2      -      4      3      2      -      4      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      4      3      2      6      5      3      5      2      4
DK/NA                 5      3      4      7      4      6      5      5      5
 
 
8. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Scott Walker the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              58%    12%    91%    49%    53%    62%    76%    55%    54%
Walker               31     80      3     34     36     26     17     33     34
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       2      2      -      3      2      2      -      3      1
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      4      1      2      6      5      3      4      2      5
DK/NA                 6      5      4      8      4      7      4      7      5
 
 
9. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and Ted Cruz the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              60%    14%    93%    52%    57%    63%    73%    61%    56%
Cruz                 27     73      1     30     31     24     18     27     30
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       2      3      -      4      2      2      1      4      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      5      5      2      7      5      4      4      2      6
DK/NA                 6      5      4      7      4      7      4      6      6
 
 
10. If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and George Pataki the Republican, for whom would you vote?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Clinton              55%    11%    88%    43%    49%    59%    61%    54%    54%
Pataki               34     78      7     41     37     32     29     38     33
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       3      5      -      5      5      2      2      4      2
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      4      2      2      6      5      3      4      2      5
DK/NA                 4      3      3      6      3      5      4      3      4
 
TREND: If the election for President were being held today, and the candidates were Hillary Clinton the Democrat and George Pataki the Republican, for whom would you vote? (* 2008 election, Hillary Rodham Clinton)
                     Mar 23  Sep 14
                     2015    2004*
 
Clinton              55      51
Pataki               34      41
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       3       1
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      4       1
DK/NA                 4       5
 
 
11. Is your opinion of Hillary Clinton favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about her?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            59%    17%    90%    52%    53%    64%    70%    60%    55%
Unfavorable          36     79      7     41     42     31     26     35     40
Hvn't hrd enough      3      2      2      4      3      3      2      3      3
REFUSED               2      2      -      3      2      2      2      2      2
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Hillary Clinton favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about her?
                                                             FAVORABLE.....
                                                             High    Low
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21  Feb 13  Mar 19  Mar 19  Apr 18
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2013    2013    2008
 
Favorable            59      64      62      65      71      71      48
Unfavorable          36      30      34      30      24      24      45
Hvn't hrd enough      3       4       3       3       5       5       5
REFUSED               2       2       1       2       -       -       2
 
 
12. Is your opinion of Chris Christie favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            35%    61%    24%    36%    38%    33%    37%    41%    32%
Unfavorable          48     24     61     46     48     48     38     47     52
Hvn't hrd enough     13     12     13     15     11     15     22     11     13
REFUSED               3      3      2      3      2      4      2      2      4
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Chris Christie favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21  Feb 13  Mar 19
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2013
 
Favorable            35      41      46      41      55
Unfavorable          48      41      39      38      17
Hvn't hrd enough     13      15      12      18      27
REFUSED               3       3       2       3       2
 
 
13. Is your opinion of Rand Paul favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            25%    45%    11%    29%    33%    19%    21%    28%    25%
Unfavorable          40     19     52     39     40     40     35     42     41
Hvn't hrd enough     32     35     35     29     24     39     43     29     31
REFUSED               2      1      1      3      2      2      1      1      3
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Rand Paul favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21
                     2015    2014    2014
 
Favorable            25      21      31
Unfavorable          40      33      37
Hvn't hrd enough     32      44      31
REFUSED               2       2       1
 
 
14. Is your opinion of Mike Huckabee favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            24%    55%     5%    27%    29%    20%    11%    25%    28%
Unfavorable          39     14     53     36     42     37     39     41     39
Hvn't hrd enough     35     30     39     35     28     41     48     34     30
REFUSED               2      1      2      2      1      2      2      1      2
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Mike Huckabee favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                     Mar 23  Feb 14
                     2015    2007
 
Favorable            24       7
Unfavorable          39      12
Hvn't hrd enough     35      81
REFUSED               2       1
 
 
15. Is your opinion of Jeb Bush favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            28%    59%    15%    26%    31%    24%    10%    32%    33%
Unfavorable          47     21     58     46     44     50     58     45     45
Hvn't hrd enough     24     20     25     26     22     25     33     22     21
REFUSED               1      1      2      1      2      1      -      1      2
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Jeb Bush favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21
                     2015    2014    2014
 
Favorable            28      23      31
Unfavorable          47      39      44
Hvn't hrd enough     24      37      24
REFUSED               1       2       1
 
 
16. Is your opinion of Marco Rubio favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            25%    51%     7%    27%    32%    19%    17%    23%    27%
Unfavorable          33      6     48     29     35     30     24     33     37
Hvn't hrd enough     42     41     43     44     33     49     58     42     35
REFUSED               1      2      1      -      -      2      1      1      1
 
 
17. Is your opinion of Scott Walker favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            21%    45%     5%    24%    27%    15%    11%    19%    24%
Unfavorable          26      4     39     23     30     23     21     25     28
Hvn't hrd enough     53     51     55     52     43     62     67     55     47
REFUSED               1      -      1      1      -      1      -      -      -
 
 
18. Is your opinion of Ted Cruz favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            18%    41%     5%    19%    24%    13%    10%    20%    20%
Unfavorable          38      9     51     39     45     31     33     38     40
Hvn't hrd enough     43     48     43     42     30     54     57     42     39
REFUSED               1      2      1      -      2      1      -      -      1
 
 
19. Is your opinion of George Pataki favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            38%    57%    24%    45%    41%    35%    39%    42%    33%
Unfavorable          38     22     48     32     39     37     28     38     42
Hvn't hrd enough     22     19     25     21     19     25     31     16     23
REFUSED               3      2      2      2      2      3      2      4      1
 
TREND: Is your opinion of George Pataki favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                     Mar 23  Apr 13  Feb 14
                     2015    2010    2007
 
Favorable            38      52      35
Unfavorable          38      33      55
Hvn't hrd enough     22      14       7
REFUSED               3       2       2
 
 
20. Is your opinion of Andrew Cuomo favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            47%    32%    61%    45%    44%    50%    36%    52%    50%
Unfavorable          43     61     29     46     46     40     48     41     42
Hvn't hrd enough      8      6      8      7      7      8     15      6      6
REFUSED               2      2      1      3      2      2      1      1      2
 
                     AREA.............
                     UpStat NYC    Sub
 
Favorable            37%    55%    54%
Unfavorable          56     34     37
Hvn't hrd enough      7      9      7
REFUSED               1      3      3
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Andrew Cuomo favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him? (*High also 63% Apr 2009 and Feb 2009 **Low also 47% Jan 2011)
                                                             FAVORABLE.....
                                                             High    Low
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 20  May 21  Feb 13  Jun 24  Mar 23  
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2014    2009*   2015**    
                                                                             
Favorable            47      52      55      55      59      63      47      
Unfavorable          43      33      36      30      28      15      43      
Hvn't hrd enough      8      12       6      11      10      20       8      
REFUSED               2       3       3       3       3       2       2      
 
 
21. Is your opinion of Bill de Blasio favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Favorable            31%     6%    51%    24%    28%    33%    42%    30%    27%
Unfavorable          42     59     26     48     50     36     37     42     44
Hvn't hrd enough     25     32     21     25     22     28     19     26     27
REFUSED               2      2      1      3      1      3      2      2      2
 
                     AREA.............
                     UpStat NYC    Sub
 
Favorable            14%    48%    30%
Unfavorable          33     42     57
Hvn't hrd enough     52      6     11
REFUSED               1      4      2
 
TREND: Is your opinion of Bill de Blasio favorable, unfavorable or haven't you heard enough about him?
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Feb 12
                     2015    2014    2014
 
Favorable            31      33      31
Unfavorable          42      36      24
Hvn't hrd enough     25      29      44
REFUSED               2       3       2
 
 
24. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Charles Schumer is handling his job as United States Senator?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Approve              60%    43%    72%    59%    56%    63%    43%    66%    65%
Disapprove           26     40     11     31     31     22     35     20     25
DK/NA                14     16     18      9     13     15     22     13     10
 
                     AREA.............
                     UpStat NYC    Sub
 
Approve              58%    61%    61%
Disapprove           28     24     26
DK/NA                14     15     12
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Charles Schumer is handling his job as United States Senator? (*High also 69% Oct 2001)
                                                             APPROVE.......
                                                             High    Low
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21  May 21  Feb 13  Dec 08  Apr 15
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2014    2004*   1999
 
Approve              60      62      63      56      61      69      51
Disapprove           26      24      26      26      24      16      22
DK/NA                14      15      10      18      15      15      28
 
 
25. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Kirsten Gillibrand is handling her job as United States Senator?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Approve              54%    38%    66%    54%    50%    58%    46%    54%    61%
Disapprove           18     32      9     17     21     16     23     16     16
DK/NA                27     30     25     28     29     26     31     30     23
 
                     AREA.............
                     UpStat NYC    Sub
 
Approve              57%    52%    53%
Disapprove           19     17     19
DK/NA                24     30     28
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Kirsten Gillibrand is handling her job as United States Senator? (*High also 61% Dec 2012)
                                                             APPROVE.......
                                                             High    Low
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21  May 21  Feb 13  Aug 21  Feb 17
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2014    2014*   2009
 
Approve              54      58      61      53      58      61      28
Disapprove           18      18      20      18      19      20      10
DK/NA                27      24      20      29      23      20      62
 
 
26. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as President?
                                                               AGE IN YRS.......
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    18-34  35-54  55+
 
Approve              51%     9%    82%    47%    49%    53%    58%    55%    48%
Disapprove           45     89     15     49     48     43     40     43     48
DK/NA                 4      2      3      4      3      4      2      2      4
 
                     AREA.............
                     UpStat NYC    Sub
 
Approve              44%    64%    44%
Disapprove           53     32     54
DK/NA                 3      4      3
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as President?
                                                             APPROVE.......
                                                             High    Low
                     Mar 23  Dec 23  Aug 21  May 21  Feb 13  Feb 19  Aug 12
                     2015    2014    2014    2014    2014    2009    2011
 
Approve              51      51      49      50      52      72      45
Disapprove           45      45      47      46      44      17      49
DK/NA                 4       4       4       4       4      10       6